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Sri Lanka is a lush island with a large agricultural industry, which includes tea, coffee, cocoa, cinnamon and rubber. If you are a visitor to beautiful Sri Lanka, visiting a tea, coffee, cocoa, or any other plantation will be a unique experience for you. Not only it is a good opportunity to see how these foods are grown, harvested and sold, but the tasty experience of freshly-grown and processed coffee and spices will leave you with a memory that you will carry for the rest of your life. A plantation tour consists of visiting actual farms, found somewhat far from main cities of Sri Lanka, and may require some travel, but could be arranged by your tour company or by the resort you may choose to stay.
Stay at one of our bungalows in Nuwara Eliya and arrange a once-in-a-lifetime visit to a flourishing plantation in Sri Lanka.
THE HISTORY OF COFFEE CULTIVATION IN SRI LANKA
The British were the first to commercialize coffee in Sri Lanka, creating the country’s first, largely-successful export crop. Unfortunately, this led to the massive deforestation of Ceylon’s beautiful mountain forests with great biodiversity.
After being passed from the Dutch to the British Empire, the island, then called Ceylon, established a coffee industry that grew to be one of the world’s three biggest, competing with Brazil and Indonesia. By 1867, more than 160,000 acres of coffee were being cultivated in Sri Lanka with exports of more than 67 million pounds.
Coffee was a major economic crop in Sri Lanka from 1830 to 1850 and was creating a more modernized economy. With the opening of the Ceylon Bank in 1841, financing was provided to expand coffee plantations. Coffee production in Sri Lanka was centered in the Kandyan provinces.
Unfortunately, Sri Lanka endured an epidemic of coffee leaf fungus in the late nineteenth century that destroyed plants and forced landowners to convert to tea. Within fifteen years, the coffee plant disease had destroyed most of the plantations and tea became the main crop of Sri Lanka.
That is the story of bitter berry…