With a rich history dating back to 2,500 years, Polonnaruwa is an ancient kingdom and was once the capital of Sri Lanka. The ruins and cultural sites in Polonnaruwa are considered perhaps the most significant to Sri Lankan culture. Polonnaruwa too is a UNESCO World Heritage Site..

The ruins of the Royal Palace is one of the main attractions. It is said that the palace used to be seven stories high. The Gal Viharaya has magnificent Buddha statues that have been carved from granite with much precision. The Vatadage which is situated in the quadrangle is said to have been the home to the Sacred Tooth Relic of Lord Buddha.

Polonnaruwa is considered a city with great cultural value as well as religious value. It is advised that you be dressed in modest clothing when visiting Polonnaruwa.