Dambulla is a town where history blends with natural beauty. Dating back to the first century B.C, in the impressive Sri Lankan heritage, Dambulla Cave Temple has remained gloriously over centuries, illustrating the culture of Buddhism to its visitors.
The Temple is undoubtedly the most striking cave temple in Sri Lanka. It has five caves under a massive overhanging rock. The ceilings had been painted with images of the Lord Buddha and his life, as well as various gods and goddesses. More than eighty caves have been discovered but major attractions are spread over five caves.
According to history, Buddhist monks first carved a cave to create a monastery. Even though it’s quite unbelievable, the caves are not natural, but carved by hand, out from the rock. King Valagamba of Anuradhapura who was exiled from his Kingdom when South Indians invaded the city, sought refuge with the monks at the cave temple. He lived here for fifteen years and converted the caves into a magnificent temple after reclaiming his capital, expressing his gratitude.
A total of 153 Buddha statues, three statues of Sri Lankan kings and four statues of gods and goddesses also stand in the site. The murals found there cover an area of 2,100 square meters (22604 sq ft).
The rock towers over 500 feet over the surrounding plains. Access is along the gentle slope of the Dambulla Rock, offering a panoramic view of the surrounding plains, which includes the Sigiriya Rock Fortress. The climb itself will be a very pleasant experience for you. The Cave Temple has remained a popular Sigiriya attraction for years.